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    完善钢铁产业置换办法 推动行业高质量发展

    发布时间:2020/08/05 点击量:0
    钢价涨势多火爆!看他朋友圈就知道!钢价继续涨?

    ZAI2020DISHIYIJIEZHONGGUOGANGTIEFAZHANLUNTANSHANG,GONGYEHEXINXIHUABUYUANCAILIAOGONGYESIYIJIXUNSHIYUANLVGUIXINJIUWANSHANGANGTIECHANYEZHIHUANBANFA、TUIDONGXINGYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHANQINGKUANGZUOLEHUIBAO,TONGSHIYECHANSHULEZIJIDEKANFA。

    LVGUIXINRENWEI,JINNIANSHANGBANNIAN,MIANDUIYIQINGYINGXIANGHEFUZAYANJUNDEGUOJIZHENGZHIJINGJIXINGSHI,GANGTIEXINGYEFAZHANYEMIANLINZHEYIXIEXINQINGKUANG、XINWENTI。RUHEJIXUSHENHUAGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,TUIDONGGANGTIEXINGYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,XUYAOQUANXINGYESHENRUSIKAOHETANTAO。TAJIUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIANJINXINGLESHUOMING。

    一、产能置换是推进钢铁工业调整的有效手段

    JINNIANLAIWEIGUANCHELUOSHIGUOWUYUANGUANYUHUAJIEGUOSHENGCHANNENG,TUIDONGGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGEDEJUECEBUSHU,GONGXINBULAOLAOBAWOYANJINXINSHANG、KUODAGANGTIECHANNENGXIANGMU,DUIQUEYOUBIYAOXINSHANGXIANGMUDE,BIXUYANGEZHIXINGCHANNENGZHIHUAN。WEICI2015NIAN4YUEGONGXINBUCHUTAILECHANNENGZHIHUANSHISHIBANFA,2017NIANYOUZHONGXINXIUDINGFABULEGANGTIEXINGYECHANNENGZHIHUANSHISHIBANFA(GONGXINBUYUAN2017NIAN337HAOWEN)。XINBANFAYU2018NIAN1YUE1RIQIKAISHISHISHI,GENJUZHONGGUOGANGTIEXIEHUIDETONGJI,JIEZHIDAO2019NIANDI,QUANGUOXINJIANLIANTIECHANNENGSHI2.46YIDUN,LIANGANGCHANNENGSHI2.76YIDUN,TUICHULIANTIECHANNENG2.81YIDUN,TUICHULIANGANGCHANNENG3.05YIDUN,LEIJIJIANSHAOLIANTIECHANNENG3498WANDUN,LIANGANGCHANNENG2879WANDUN,LIANTIEHELIANGANGPINGJUNZHIHUANDEBILIFENBIEWEI1.14:1HE1.1:1。

    ZONGTILAIKANCHANNENGZHIHUANDEQUESHIYIGEHAOBANFA:

    YISHITUIDONGLUOHOUCHANNENGWENTUOTUICHU,ZHIHUANBANFACAIYONGQINGDANHUAGUANLIFANGSHI,YOUXIAOFANGFANLEJIANGSHIQIYEHEYITAOTAICHANNENGSIHUIFURAN,WEIGUOSHENGCHANNENGDEWENTUOTUICHUHEXINJIANCHANNENGDEYOUXUXIANJIETIGONGLETONGDAO。

    ERSHIYOUXIAOGONGGUHUAJIEGUOSHENGCHANNENGDECHENGGUO,ZHIHUANBANFADUIYUJINGJINJI、ZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAODENGHUANJINGMINGANQUYUCHANNENGZHIHUANBILITICHULEMINGQUEYANGEDEYAOQIU,QITADIQUSHISHIJIANLIANGZHIHUAN。JIANLIANGZHIHUANYOULIYUSHIXIANKONGZHICHANNENGZONGLIANG、EZHIMANGMUKUOZHANGDE。

    SANSHITUIDONGGANGTIECHANYEBUJUYOUHUA。CHANNENGZHIHUANCUJINLECHANNENGDEKUAQUYULIUDONG,YOUQISHICUJINLECHANNENGYANZHONGGUOSHENGDEDIQUDEGANGTIECHANNENGYOUXUDUIYUWAIZHUANYI。HUANJIELERIYIYANJUNDEZIYUANNENGYUANCHENGZAILIBUZU、HUANJINGWURANYANZHONGDENGWENTI。

    SISHIYOULIYUCUJINDUANLIUCHENGLIANGANGGONGYIYOUXUFAZHAN。ZHIHUANBANFAGUIDINGLEDUANLIUCHENGDIANHULULIANGANGDENGLIANGZHIHUANDEYOUHUIZHENGCE,YINDAOZHANGLIUCHENGXIANGDUANLIUCHENGZHUANBIANHEYOUXUFAZHAN。CONGYIGONGGAODECHANNENGZHIHUANXIANGMULAIKAN,XINJIANDIANLUGANGCHANNENG7110WANDUN,ZHANXINJIANLIANGANGCHANNENGDEBILI25.8%,YUANGAOYUDANGQIANWOGUODIANLUGANG10%DEZHANBI。

    WUSHIZHUANGBEIJISHUDETISHENG,TONGGUOCHANNENGZHIHUAN、JIANSHEXINXIANGMU,GANGTIEXINGYEZHENGTIZHUANGBEISHUIPINGDEDAOMINGXIANDETISHENG,TAOTAILEYIPIXIAOGAOLU,XIAOZHUANLU。BIRUSHUOXIANG1000LIFANGMIDEGAOLU、100DUNYISHANGDEZHUANLU,CHANNENGZHANBIJIAO2015NIANFENBIETIGAOLE6.5%HE10%。

    LIUSHITUIDONGGANGTIEXINGYEJIANBINGZHONGZU,JINNIANLAIGEDIYONGXIANLEYIPIQIYE,TONGGUOGOUMAIGANGTIECHANNENGDEFANGSHIZHENGHEZHONGXIAOQIYECHANNENG,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIAKUAILEXINGYEJIANBINGZHONGZUDEBUFA。JINNIAN5YUE《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANGUANYUXINSHIDAIJIAKUAIWANSHANSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIDEYIJIAN》,QIANGDIAOYAOJIANSHESHICHANGHUA、FAZHIHUA、HUAJIEGUOSHENGCHANNENGDEZHANGXIAOJIZHI。ZAIYANJINXINZENGCHANNENGDEQIANTIXIA,YUNXUQIYEZHIJIANJINXINGCHANNENGZHIHUAN,SHIZAIHUAJIEGUOSHENGCHANNENGGONGZUOZHONGYINRUSHICHANGJIZHI,YOULIYUCHONGFENSHICHANGZAIPEIZHIZIYUANJUEDINGXINGDEZUOYONG,SUOYICHANNENGZHIHUANDEBANFAXUYAOJIXUJIANCHI,ZONGJIEJINGYAN,BUDUANWANSHAN。

    二、产能置换过程中存在的问题

    XIANXINGDECHANNENGZHIHUANDEBANFABAOLUCHULAIDEWENTIZHUYAOYOU:

    1.ZHIXINGBUTAIYANGE。ZAICHANNENGZHIHUANSHIJIGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIBAOKUOFAYUANCHAFENGSHEBEI、QIYEBUPEIHE、DIFANGSHENHEBAGUANBUYANDEDENGQINGKUANG,ZHISHICHANNENGZHIHUANBUNENGANZHAOGONGZUOCHENGXUYANGEZHIXING,CONGERCHUXIAN“YITINGDAIGUAN”、ZHIHUANFANGANZHIDINGBUHELI、WEILVXINGCHANNENGGONGSHIGONGGAOCHENGXUERXIANXINGJIANSHEDENGYIXIEBUGUIFANXIANXIANG,ZENGJIALEXINZENGCHANNENGDEYINHUAN。

    2.JIANGUANCUNZAILOUDONG。YOUYUGANGTIECHANNENGXINGQINGJIANZHANG,YIXIEDIFANGHEQIYEJINGDAXISUAN,ZHURUJIXINGRONGLU,YILUDUOFENSHIYOUFASHENG,WANSHUZIYOUXI,JIADALEJIANGUANDENANDU。YOUDEQIYEHAICUNZAIYIZHUZAOSHENGCHANTIEHEJINDAZHENGCECABIANQIU,NONGXUZUOJIADEXIANXIANG,JIANGUANGONGZUOWEINENGJISHIGENJIN。

    3.CHANNENGSIFAPAIMAIGUANXIBUSHUN。JINLIANGNIANLAIDUODIFASHENGLEFAYUANQIANGZHIPAIMAIGANGTIECHANNENGDESHIJIAN。CONGMUQIANYIJINGSHISHIDEGANGTIECHANNENGSIFAPAIMAIANLILAIJIANG,YOUYUWEITONGCHOUHAOQUCHANNENG、ZHAIWUCHUZHI、ZHIGONGANZHIDENGWENTI,ZHISHIPAIMAIHOUDECHANNENGZHIHUANNANYILUODI,SHENZHICUNZAIJIANGYIJINGLIERUGUOJIAQUCHANNENGDECHANNENGJINXINGPAIMAIDEQINGXING,RUGUOBEIPAIMAIDECHANNENGBUNENGFAJISHICHAICHUDAOWEI,HUIZAOCHENGXINDEFENGXIAN。

    4.LUOHOUYUXINGYEDEFAZHAN。SUIZHEXINGYESHENGCHANJISHUDEBUDUANJINBUHEQIYESHENGCHANXIAOLVDETIGAO,CHUXIANCHANNENGJIANGDI、CHANLIANGZENGZHANGDEMAODUNXIANXIANG。ZAIXINGYEJIANLIANGHUAFAZHANDEDAQUSHIXIA,JINYIBUTIGAOCHANNENGZHIHUANBILIJIUYOULEXIANSHIDEXUYAO。2019NIANQUANGUOPAIMINGQIANSHIWEIDEQIYECUGANGCHANLIANGZHANBIJINWEI36.8%,JINBISHIERWUMOTIGAOLE2.6%,ZAIDANGQIANXINGYEYINGLAIJIANBINGZHONGZUDEZHONGYAOCHUANGKOUQI,CHANNENGZHIHUANZHENGCEZAITIGAOXINGYEJIZHONGDUFANGMIANKEYIFAHUIGENGDADETUIDONGZUOYONG。

    三、抓紧修订完善产能置换办法

    WEIJINYIBUGUIFANGANGTIECHANNENGZHIHUANHEXIANGMUBEIANGONGZUO,JIXUSHENHUAGANGTIEXINGYEGONGJICEJIEGOUXINGGAIGE,JINNIAN1YUE23RIGUOJIAFAGAIWEIHEGONGXINBULIANHEYINFALE《GUANYUWANSHANGANGTIECHANNENGZHIHUANHEXIANGMUBEIANGONGZUODETONGZHI》,ZANTINGGONGGAOXINDECHANNENGZHIHUANFANGANHEBEIANXINDEXIANGMU。ZHEISHIXINDEGANGTIEFANGANHEBEIANXINDEGANGTIEXIANGMU,CITONGZHICHUTAIYIJINGBANNIANYOUYU,DUIXINGYEDEYINGXIANGHENDA。WEILUOSHIHAODANGZHONGYANG“LIUBAOLIUWEN”DEJUECEBUSHU,CUJINGANGTIEPINGWENYUNXING,YOUBIYAOJINKUAIXIUDINGCHUTAIXINDECHANNENGZHIHUANBANFA。WEICI,ZHENDUIXINGYEGUANZHUDEYIXIEJIAODIAN、REDIANHENANDIANWENTI,GONGXINBUDUOCIZUZHIYANJIUXINGYEXIEHUI,YANJIUZIXUNJIGOU、GANGTIEQIYEXIANGGUANDEZHUANJIAZHAOKAILEZHUANTIYANTAOHUI,ZHONGDIANSHENRUYANJIUTAOLUNGUANGFANZHENGQIUGEFANGDEYIJIAN,JINYIBUXIUGAIWANSHANZHIHUANBANFA。XINBANFAANZHAOQUANMIANSHOUJINSHOUYAN、CHABIEHUAJINGZHUNSHICE、CHALOUBUQUE、JIANQUANWANSHANDENGYUANZE,CHONGFENKAOLVDAOYIXIA9GEFANGMIAN:

    1.ZHONGXINJIANDINGDAQIWURANFANGZHIZHONGDIANQUYU。KAOLVDAO2+26DAQIWURANCHUANSHUTONGDAOCHENGSHIYIJIFENWEIPINGYUANSHIGANGTIECHANNENGDEJIZHONGQUYU,YINGDUIXINGYEHUANBAOZHILIHEBUJUDIAOZHENGTICHUGENGGAODEYAOQIU,TONGSHIWEIJINYIBUTUIDONGGANGTIECHANYEBUJUYOUHUA,DAOBIZHONGDIANDIQUGANGTIECHANNENGXIANGYUWAIZHUANYI,JIEHEDANGQIANDAYINGLANTIANBAOWEIZHAN,TUIJINZHANGJIANGJINGJIDAIFAZHANDENGXINXINGSHIHEXINYAOQIU,GONGXINBUKAOLVJIANGHUANJINGMINGANQUYUDIAOZHENGWEIGUOJIAGUIDINGDEDAQIWURANFANGZHIZHONGDIANQUYU,QIFANWEIYOUYUANLAIDEJINGJINJI、ZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAOKUODAWEIJINGJINJI、ZHANGSANJIAO、ZHUSANJIAO、FENWEIPINGYUANDIQUYIJIQITA2+26DAQITONGDAOCHENGSHI,BINGDUIDAQIWURANFANGZHIZHONGDIANQUYUSHENGTAIWENMINGSHIFANQU、YIJIZHANGJIANGANXIANYIGONGLIFANWEINEIDENGQUYUDEGANGTIECHANNENGDEZONGLIANGHEXINJIANGANGTIEXIANGMUTICHULEGONGZUOYAOQIU。

    2.MINGQUETUICHUCHANNENGDERENDINGBIAOZHUN。WEIBIMIANCHUXIANGEDIBAOBEIGUOWUYUANDEDIDANCHANNENGCHUXIANKENENGYUZHIHUANBANFASUOHUANSUANDECHANNENGBUYIZHI,GUIDINGTUICHUCHANNENGSHULIANGYI2016NIANGUOZIWEIHEGESHENGJIRENMINZHENGFUSHANGBAOGUOWUYUANBEIANDECHANNENGHE2016NIANJIYIHOUJIANCHENGDEXIANGMUBEIANCHANNENGJINXINGHEDING,SHICHANNENGZHIHUANYUQUCHANNENGGONGZUOJINMIXIANJIE。WEIJIAKUAICHUZHIJIANGSHIQIYE,DAOBIBUJUBEISHICHANGJINGZHENGYOUSHIDEDIXIAOCHANNENGJINKUAITUICHU,YOUBIYAODUIJIANGSHICHANNENGJIAYIXIANZHI,TONGSHIWEIBIMIANFEIGANGTIEXINGYEDECHANNENGHUNSHUIMOYU,WOMENYIZAIYUANLAI“LIUGEBUDEYONGYUCHANNENGZHIHUAN”DEJICHUSHANG,JINYIBUJIAYAN,JIANGJIANGSHIQIYEHETIEHEJINYONGYUBUKEZHIHUANDECHANNENGFANWEI。

    3.JINYIBUJIAYANZHIHUANBILI,ZAIDANGQIANGANGTIEXINGYEBURUJIANLIANGFAZHANDEDABEIJINGXIA,CHANNENGZHIHUANBILIDESHEDINGBIXUBAOZHENGXIANGMUSHISHIHOU,CHANNENGDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI。BUNENGCHUXIANMINGYISHANGCHANNENGJIANSHAO、SHIJISHANGCHANLIANGZENGJIADEGUAIXIANXIANG,WEICIGONGXINBUYIJIANGDAQIWURANFANGZHIZHONGDIANQUYU,CHANNENGZHIHUANBILIZAIBUDIYU1.25:1DEBILIJICHUSHANGJINYIBUTIGAO,QITADIQUYEJINYIBUTICHUJUTIDEJIANLIANGZHIHUANBILI。

    4.CHAYIHUAJINGZHUNSHICE。WEITISHENGXINGYEJIZHONGDU,YIJINGWANCHENGSHIJIXINGJIANBINGZHONGZUDEQIYE,ZAICHANNENGZHIHUANBILIFANGMIANJIYUYIDINGCHENGDUDEZHENGCEZHICHI。WEIYINDAODIANHULUDUANLIUCHENGLIANGANGHEFEIGAOLULIANGANGDEFAZHAN,CUJINGONGYIJIEGOUYOUHUAHELVSEDITANFAZHAN,DUIQIYENEIBUTICHUDEZHUANLU、JIANSHEDIANLUQIEYIBINGTUICHUPEITAODESHAOJIE、JIAOLU、GAOLUDENGSHEBEIDEXIANGMU,YIJILIYONGXIANYOUDEDIANLUZHIHUANXINJIANDIANLUDEXIANGMU,DUILIANGANGCHANNENGRENGKESHISHIDENGLIANGZHIHUAN。DUIYUTUICHUDEPEITAODESHAOJIE、JIAOLU、GAOLUDENGSHEBEI,JIANSHEFEIGAOLULIANTIEDEXIANGMU,LIANTIECHANNENGKEYISHISHIDENGLIANGZHIHUAN。DUIYUTONGYICHANGQUNEIBUSHEJIXINZENGCHANNENGDEJISHUGAIZAOXIANGMU,RUGUOJIANCHIJIANLIANGZHIHUAN,QIYEYELIANSHEBEIJIANGYUEZHIHUANYUEXIAO,BULIYUSHEBEIDAXINGHUAFAZHAN,YINCICONGSHIJICHUFA,XIAYIBUYEZHUNBEIKAOLVDUIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGZHIXINGDENGLIANGZHIHUAN。

    5.WANSHANQUANGUOCHENGDEJIANGUAN。WEIJINYIBUQIANGHUAJIANGUAN,QUEBAOCHANNENGZHIHUANXIANGMUSHISHIGUOCHENGZHONGBUXINZENGGANGTIECHANNENG,YIGUIDINGZAIZHIHUANFANGANGONGSHIQIANHEJIANSHEXIANGMUJIANCHENGTOUCHANQIANYOUSHENGJIGONGXINBUMENWEITUOJUYOUYEJINXINGYEJIAJIZIZHIDEDISANFANGPINGGUJIGOU,FENBIEJINXINGSHIQIANPINGGUHESHIHOUPINGGU,HESHICHANNENGFANGANDEZHENSHIXING、HEGUIXING,YIJIJIANSHEXIANGMUPIJIANDEYIZHIXING,PINGGUTONGGUOHOUCAIKEJIXUJINXING。WEIYASHICHANNENGDEXIANGMUHECANYUDANWEIDEZEREN,DUIZHIHUANGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAINONGXUZUOJIAXINGWEI,BINGDAOZHIBULIANGSHEHUIYINGXIANGDEQIYE,SHEJIZIXUNDANWEIHEDISANFANGPINGGUJIGOU,YIFAYIGUISHISHILIANHECHENGJIE。

    6.MINGQUESIFAPAIMAIGANGTIECHANNENGDEGONGZUOCHENGXU。GANGTIECHANNENGDESIFAPAIMAISHISUIZHEQUCHANNENGDESHENRUTUIJINCHUXIANDEXINQINGKUANGXINWENTI。YIJINYIBUMINGQUEGUIGANGTIECHANNENGSIFAPAIMAIDEYOUGUANGUIDING。GUIFANQISHIYONGFANWEIJIXIANGGUANGONGZUOCHENGXU,CHONGFENFAHUIHAOGEJIFAYUANDEZUOYONG,WEIYIFAYIGUIJINXINGGANGTIECHANNENGPAIMAITIGONGZHONGYAODEFALVZHICHENG。

    7.QIANGHUAZHENGCEDEKECAOZUOXING。WEIBIMIANYILUDUOFENDAILAIDEJIANGUANNAN,YIMINGQUEGUIDINGTONGYIYELIANSHEBEI,CHANNENGYUANZESHANGBUDECHAIFEN,CHURANG。QUEYOUBIYAOCHAIFENDEYANGEKONGZHISHOURANGQIYESHULIANG,DUITONGYITAIYELIANSHEBEICHAIFENCHURANGDEQINGXING,JIANSHEXIANGMUDETOUCHANSHIJIAN,YIDIYIGESHIJIJIANCHENGTOUCHANDEWEIZHUN,XIANGGUANZHIHUANSHEBEIBIXUANZHAOYAOQIUCHAICHUDAOWEI。

    8. JIANGCHANNENGHUANSUANBIAODIAOZHENGWEIJIANSHECHANNENGHESUANBIAO。XIANXINGCHANNENGHUANSUANBIAOZHONGGELUXINGDUIYINGDECHANNENGYUSHIJIQINGKUANGJIBENFUHE,YIBUZAIDUIJUTIDELUXINGSHUZIZUOCHUDIAOZHENG,YOULIYUBAOCHICHANNENGHEDINGDEYIZHIXINGHELIANXUXING。WEILEYU《CHANNENGJIEGOUDIAOZHENGZHIDAOMULU》2019NIANBANYOUXIAOXIANJIE,GONGXINBUSHANCHULEHUANSUANBIAOZHONGXIANZHILEIDELUXING,JIANGCHANNENGHUANSUANBIAOYOUHUADIAOZHENGWEIJIANSHECHANNENGHESUANBIAO。

    9.TUOSHANCHULIYILIUWENTI。JUBUWANQUANTONGJI,CHANNENGZHIHUANZHENGCEZANTINGQIAN,QUANGUOZHENGZAIGONGSHIJIEDUANHEYIJINGWANCHENGGONGSHIGONGGAODECHANNENGDAYUE2000WANDUN,WEIYOULIYUXINGYEWENFAZHAN、WENYUQI,JIANGZHENGCEDIAOZHENGDEBUYINGXIANGJIANGZHIZUIDI,YIDUICHANNENGZHIHUANZHENGCEZANTINGQIANYIJINGSHENGJIGONGXINZHUGUANBUMENGONGSHIGONGGAOQIEWUYIYIDECHANNENGFANGANKEANZHAOYUANLAIDEBANFAJIXUZHIXING。XIAYIBU,GONGXINBUJIANGZAIJINYIBUZHENGQIUXIANGGUANYIJIANHEJIANYIDEJICHUSHANGMINGJIXINGYEGONGSHI、JINKUAICHUTAIXINDECHANNENGZHIHUANSHISHIBANFA。

    GONGXINBUXIANGXINXIUDINGHAOBANFA、ZHIXINGHAOBANFA,JIANGYOULIYUXINXINGSHIXIAGENGHAODEGUANCHELUOSHIHAODANGZHONGYANGGUOWUYUANDEJUECEBUSHU,HUAJIEGANGTIEXINGYEGUOSHENGCHANNENG,YOUHUAQUYUCHANNENGBUSHU,CUJINXINGYEJISHUJINBU,JIAKUAIQIYEJIANBINGZHONGZU,TUIDONGGANGTIEXINGYEZHUANXINGSHENGJIGAOZHILIANGDEFAZHAN。

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